(1) the rerun of Austria’s presidential election vote on 4 December, 2016;In Austria, the re-run presidential election – set to be held on the 4 December – has seen Norbert Hofer of the Freedom Party appear to promise a referendum on EU membership, if Turkey enters the EU or the EU becomes “too centralised,” but whether he will win is unclear.
(2) Italy’s 4 December, 2016 referendum on the power of the Italian parliament’s upper house;
(3) the Netherlands’ March 2017 general elections;
(4) the April-May presidential elections in France 2017;
(5) the September 2017 parliamentary elections in Germany.
Meanwhile in Italy, on the same day, Italians will vote on whether to change the Italian constitution, and if they vote “no” this could be the trigger for a new Eurozone crisis, perhaps causing new Italian elections in 2017.
Although the Dutch elections will not be held until March 2017, Geert Wilders’ anti-Islam Party for Freedom is the most popular party in the latest polls, and Wilders might be the next Dutch Prime Minister.
Europe is about to experience some interesting times, to put it mildly.